Therefore, the modern education system needs consistent changes that occur under the impact of the contemporary cultural environment. In fact, the domination of multiculturalism stimulates the rise of tolerance in Americans and, today, tolerance is one of the core concepts of the modern American culture. In such a context, tolerance affects and defines consistently the development of the national education system. To put it more precisely, the emerging multiculturalism contributes to the change of the traditional values. In such a situation, the highly individualistic American culture tends to shift to the tolerant culture which respects rights and needs of people, who have limited opportunities because of their low social status. Obviously, many representatives of minority groups have the limited access because of their poverty and low language competence as well as the low integration in the American society at large. As a result, a considerable of Americans turn out to be excluded from the education system and have limited, if any, access to education. In such a situation, multiculturalism and tolerance, which become particularly important in the modern society, change the attitude of Americans to education and to the access of students to education. In fact, it is due to the multiculturalism and tolerance of the modern society, the demand on the equal access of all students to education grows stronger. In this regard, it is worth mentioning the fact that the multiculturalism and tolerance contribute to the change of the attitude of Americans to education, which becomes a social good rather than a commodity. This means that education, as a social good, should be available to all Americans, regardless of their origin, social status, and so on, whereas the past attitude to education as a commodity implied that education is a matter of each individual and each individual should decide how to get education or just stay being uneducated. The modern concept of education as a social good implies the wide state support of education and responsibility of the state for the modern education system and its development. Moreover, the concept of education as a social good implies that education should be available to all students. Today, education cannot be a commodity available to a few. In stark contrast, education should be a social good available to all Americans. Such a shift in the public perception of education has occurred under the impact of profound socio-cultural changes that occurred in the American society.

 

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