In order to overcome such challenges, patients need to develop effective strategies that allow them to focus patients’ attention on the environmental factors that are the most effective for the treatment and rehabilitation of the patient. In this regard, contemporary case managers have more diverse tools compared to case managers in the 1960s, when case managers dealt with static factors mainly, paying little attention to flexible factors, which are very important for contemporary case managers.



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Burns, David D. (1999). Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy. Revised Edition. Avon.

Sue, D.W. and D. Sue. (2006). Counseling: The Culturally Diverse Therapy and Practice. New York: Random House.